ECHONOMY Tools for Echocardiographic Calculations Muhamed Saric, MD, PhD
New York University
This portion of the web site
provides tools for estimation of the left atrial (LA)
pressure, as well as related parameters such as pulmonary artery wedge
pressure (PAWP) and left ventricular diastolic pressures (LVDP), including
LV end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP).
Definition of Elevated Left Heart Filling Pressures
Left heart filling pressures are
elevated if any of the following criteria is met:
Mean PAWP > 12 mm Hg
E/e’ > 15
LVEDP > 16 mm Hg
How to diagnose diastolic heart
failure: a consensus statement on the diagnosis of heart failure with normal
left ventricular ejection fraction by the Heart Failure and Echocardiography
Associations of the European Society of Cardiology.
Heart J 2007;28:2539–2550.