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ECHONOMY
Tools for Echocardiographic Calculations

Muhamed Saric, MD, PhD
New York University
 

Aortic Stenosis

Reference Values

 

Valve Area
cm2
Mean Gradient
mm Hg

Peak Gradient
mm Hg

Peak Velocity
m/sec

Normal  2.0 - 4.0  

<25

<2.5

Mild Stenosis > 1.5 <25

25 - 36

2.5 - 3.0

Moderate Stenosis 1.0 - 1.5 25 - 40

37 - 64

3.1 - 4.0

Severe Stenosis <1.0 >40

>64

>4.0

   

Mean gradient =  0.6 * Peak gradient

Low gradients do NOT exclude severe AS if LVEF is low.

Note

Normal aoric valve area in adult human is roughly the size of the US dime (10-cent coin) whose area is 2.5 cm2.

Reference

ACC/AHA 2006 guidelines for the management of patients with valvular heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 2006 48(3):e1-148.